Wraps are rectangles and shawls are triangles. This is the general consensus. You can get semi-circle wraps as well. But in this post I’m discussing the structure of crocheted triangles.
A triangle has three sides and three corners. Typically there is one long side and two shorter sides both the same length. This is known as a scalene triangle and is the most popular shape for triangle shawls.
Crochet Designs for Triangle Shawls
If you are making a shawl in a solid piece as opposed to granny squares or other motive shapes then it will be made in one piece.
The starting point sets the stage for the design and there are only a few ways to construct a triangle shawl in crochet.
Any type of stripe or pattern stitch can be used but the way the shawl grows will be the same.
Point Up – Horizontal
This is a popular method where you work from the bottom point and go up in rows which increase each row. In this design you can stop or keep going once the size is suitable.
In this design the full-width of the top side is set, typically as a chain length, and cannot be adjusted later. Here you work rows down towards the point. Each row is shorter than the previous as you decrease at the start and end of each row.
Here you work rows down towards the point. Each row is shorter than the previous as you decrease at the start and end of each row.
Center Top to Sides – Both Diagonal
In this design you start at the center top and make a triangle immediately. This can be seen in the half granny style. Each row adds to the sides and the point grows downwards.
The center top to sides design can be adjusted when the size is reached or you can continue to add more rows.
You can start crocheting very quickly with a few basic stitches.
You may already know how to do the stitches but not know their name.
Or you may know how to do them and their name but not know their abbreviation which is used in crochet patterns.
The third possibility is that you don’t know how to do the stitches and didn’t even know that they had and name let alone a code in patterns.
The five basic crochet stitches are like the crochet alphabet. They are the letters that make up the words (the pattern), and the words when brought together in a certain way can make poetry. Crochet poetry.
There are other advanced crochet stitches as well and we will cover them later.
These stitches are in USA/Canadian crochet terminology which is different to UK/RSA crochet terminology.
There are five simple stitches in crochet; chain, single crochet, double crochet, triple (or treble) crochet and slip stitch.
I will explain each one in turn with pictures.
Put a starting loop on you hook and, hold the hook like a pencil (and not a shovel), with your thumb on top and fingers below.
Put the yarn over the hook,
and pull through.
This forms a chain and is often used as a base for items in crochet.
If you can get your chain to be even and not too tight this will be the basis for your tension or gauge in later projects.
Practice making a chain in varying thicknesses of wool and with bigger and smaller hooks until you get a smooth rhythm.
This may take a day or two.
In a crochet pattern the code for a chain is ch.
On the chain you just made (in yellow) you can start making rows of different stitches.
First is the single crochet. This is the smallest crochet stitch and the simplest one to do. I have shown the single crochet in green yarn.
Insert your hook into the chain making sure you go through two threads of the chain (there are three threads for each chain).
Yarn over your hook and pull through (two loops on hook),
yarn over and pull through the two loops on your hook (one loop on hook). This image looks a bit mess as it is the first single crochet stitch on the chain but it will get better as you can see below.
Continue making single crochets across the chain.
Remember you have completed the stitch when you have only one loop left on your hook. Do not start the next single crochet stitch if you have more than one loop on your hook.
In a crochet pattern the code for a single crochet is sc.
On a chain we can make double crochet stitches.
Yarn over and then insert the hook into the chain (the two top threads),
Yarn over and pull through two loops (three loops on hook),
Yarn over and pull through two loops on your hook (two loops on hook),
yarn over and pull through the last two loops on your hook. Only one loop remains on you hook and the double crochet stitch is complete.
In a crochet pattern the code for a double crochet is dc.
You can make a triple crochet into the chain you formed or the top of other stitches.
Yarn over twice (three loops on hook), insert your hook into the chain making sure to go through the two threads of the chain, yarn over and pull through (four loops on hook),
Yarn over pull through two loops (three loops on hook)
yarn over and pull through two loops (two loops on hook),
yarn over and pull through last two loops on your hook leaving one loop on your hook and the double crochet stitch is complete.
In a crochet pattern the code for a triple crochet is tc.
On a base chain or, other row of stitches as we have triple crochets in the image below, insert hook into top two threads of stitches shown below.
Make sure to pull the thread a bit more than usual (for ease as it can get tight) and pull through the two threads and the loop on the hook in one go (one loop on hook). The slip stitch is in white.
A row of slip stitches when finished is low and flat. A slip stitch can be used to join rows when you work in a circle or to move the hook to a new position in a pattern. It can be used for edging as well.
The slip stitch is similar a single crochet but you pull through all the loops at once to keep it low.
In a crochet pattern the code for a slip stitch is ss.
These form the five basic stitches used in crochet and by combining them in many ways you get patterns of stitches.
A trellis is a wooden frame found in a garden on which plants can grow. Typically climbers and roses grow well on a trellis.
it is usually squares turned on their side to look like diamond shapes.
Trellises are also used to separate sections of a garden and to add interest in the ‘garden room’ designs so used nowadays.
Back and forth to make the diamond
The trellis crochet pattern is an interesting stitch combination which is worked back and forth during the row.
This means the work is turned during the creation of each block or diamond.
Crochet stitches used in the trellis pattern
First you make a foundation chain then there are two rows to the trellis pattern.
This pattern is based on a foundation chain in multiples or eight, so chain 80 (or 16, 32, 64 etc.).
Foundation chain: Chain 80.
Row 1: Chain 4 (as edge treble), * chain 4 (as block chain), 1 single crochet in 12th chain from hook, turn, 3 chain (as first double crochet), 4 double crochet (in 4 chain just formed), turn, 3 chain (as first double crochet), 4 double crochet in top of 4 double crochets from below, 1 triple crochet in 4th chain from foundation row *. Repeat from * to * [9 times]. 10 blocks in total.
Row 2: Chain 4 (as edge stitch), ** chain 4, 1 sc into top of block, chain 4, 1 double crochet in top of double crochet in row below to form square **, repeat from ** to ** [9 times].
These two rows form the trellis pattern.
When to use the trellis pattern
This pattern can be used in any square, flat garment like a scarf, poncho, wrap or blanket.
I like this pattern because it works up quickly but has only two rows to remember. That it is based on a square grid makes it easy to see where you are supposed to be and you can chat or watch TV and do this pattern with ease.
A Granny square is the building block of crochet work. Every crocheter can learn to make a Granny square and it is lots of fun.
Each row is made with a different color yarn and there are four rows in total. You can add as many rows as you like.
Pattern tips for Granny squares
Turn your work
I make my Granny squares but I turn the work from the front to the back each row change.
This means that row 2 (and all even rows) are done with the wrong side facing (WSF) me as I start the row, and row 3 (and all odd rows) are done with the right side facing (RSF) me as I start the row.
I do this because if you continue on the right side all the time the square can easily become slightly out of shape as you are always going one way.
But, if you turn the work each row it creates a balance for the square as the stitches are worked first one way and then the other way.
It is like knitting on two needles where you knit one way and then the other way, but when you do circular knitting (all the same way) the work starts to creep in one direction.
Over time I have found that Granny squares made right-side-facing then wrong-side-facing keep their shape even after being washed for years.
How to Make Corners
Every corner is a 3 chain (3ch or ch3) corner. If you have 3 chains in the corner you have one on each side when you are sewing up. This helps to keep the squares well, square as you sew.
Sometimes I add add a 1 ch between the groups of 3dc on the sides.
Joining Granny Squares
I recommend sewing your squares together. I am not keen on crocheting them together as that can make a bulky seam and it is not always regular in tension.
When you sew your squares together the seam lies flat which is nice. In this particular Granny square pattern I will use the same black yarn that I used for row 4.
If every Granny has the same color on the last row it is easier to sew them together so it looks neat.
Please note: This pattern used US/Canadian crochet stitch notation not UK or RSA. You can learn more about the difference between USA and UK crochet terminology and follow along.
5mm crochet hook
I used Vanna’s Choice yarns in three colours. It is like a double knitting weight yarn and smooth when running over the hook. Weight . See more on yarn weights.
Tapestry sewing needle to sew in the ends.
Basic Granny Square Pattern
The first row is in a yellow.
Foundation chain: With yellow, ch 5, join with slip stitch (sl st).
Row1: Ch 2 (as 1st stitch), 2 dc, ch 3 (corner), 3 dc, ch 3, 3 dc, ch 3, 3 dc, ch 3, join with ss. Sew in ends as you go.
The second row is white.
Row 2: With white, wrong side facing, in a corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, in next corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, in next corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, in next corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, join with a sl st. Sew in ends.
The third row is pink. Row 3: With pink and right side facing, start in a middle gap, 3dc, in first corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, 3dc, in second corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, 3dc, in third corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, 3dc, in last corner gap 3dc ch3 3dc, join with sl st. Sew in ends.
Finished Granny Square
This particular Granny square is an example.
You can make this Granny square in any combination of color and the color choices depend on what you will be using the squares for.
Soft furnishings are cushions, afghans, throws, rugs, exposed tapestries and things like that.
At a stretch you can add table cloths, place mats and napkins in fact all table wear (napery).
Furthermore you can consider beautiful bed sheets, embroidered pillowcases and lacy trimmed lampshades as soft furnishings and in the bathroom, all the mats and towels with trims can be seen as soft furnishings.
Crochet is very good for all soft furnishing items for your home. either as the main component or as a trim.
50 Shades of Beige
Using bright colours on soft furnishing like afghans, blankets and cushions should be done with care. This is why neutrals and beige are popular home furnishing colours.
Think IKEA and 50 shades of beige.
You want your home to be relaxing and not jangly all the time.
Managing your style and lifestyle is about managing color
Selecting colours for soft furnishings
Neutrals are best and white, cream, taupe, beige, grey and brown always look good.
Although you can make a statement cushion in red to add a pop of colour to a room, the best rooms are decorated in soft neutrals like dove grey, soft blues, pale pinks and light greens.
Do not use primary or secondary colours for your soft furnishings. Stay away from orange, purple and turquoise.
Instead use soft heather, sea foam and light apricots. Soft hues work best and will be attractive to many people.
If you make soft furnishing to sell in your store or at craft fairs you are likely to sell more if the colour is appealing.